Art A-Z: G – Grabar Igor

Igor Emmanuilovich Grabar (1871,  Budapest, – 1960, Moscow) – painter, historian of art.

In 1893, Grabar graduated from the Faculty of Law of the University of Saint-Petersburg. In 1894 – 1896 – studied at the Academy of Art, he attended Repin’s classes, then in 1896-1989 he continued his studies in Munich.

In 1901, he became a member of Mir Iskusstva (World of Art) fellowship.

Made multiple trips to Europe, in 1914 he visited Egypt, in 1924 – the USA.

лазурь
February azure, 1904

His early works were widely influenced by impressionism, in his landscapes he used the method of decompositions of colour, especially in winter scenes.  Later, however, his style transformed into more academic.

Grabar made huge work to preserve Russian art. He wrote books about painters I.Repin, V.Serov, I.levitan. In 1909-1916, under his reduction the first History of Russian Art was published.

хриз
Chrisantemums, 1905

In 1913-1925 – head of the Tretyakov Gallery.

In 1918, he became head of Central Restauration Workshops, which later were named after him (In June 2018, this organisation celebrated 100 anniversary).

Author of History of Russian Art in several volumes (1953-1869).

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